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A New Front in the Fight for Maryland’s Forests

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Deep in the woods of Maryland, a hidden war is being waged. On one side, the native trees that have provided food, shelter, clean water and beauty to the region for thousands of years. On the other, foreign invaders that have upset the natural balance of the state’s ecosystems and are threatening to make the forest less diverse and a less enjoyable place to visit. The winner will help determine if and how our natural systems will continue to deliver these benefits to both animals and people in the face of future threats such as climate change and development.

This battle is not new; non-native pests and pathogens have been attacking our natural heritage for more than 100 years. The chestnut blight, a fungus introduced to Eastern forests from China around the beginning of the 20th century, quickly brought the American chestnut, one of our most ecologically and culturally important trees, to functional extinction throughout the eastern United States. Additionally, since the late 1800s our state’s forests have been battered by frequent outbreaks of the gypsy moth, an invasive from Europe, which defoliates and eventually kills thousands of acres of forest annually. But this newest wave of invasives may prove fatal to other species that are some of the most ecologically valuable trees in the forest.

The first pest, the emerald ash borer, is a beetle native to Eastern Asia that was accidentally brought to the United States in the bottom of a cargo ship sometime in the 1990s. Originally discovered in Michigan in 2002, it arrived in Maryland the next year at a nursery in Prince George’s County, and despite a ban on transporting firewood has since expanded its range to other parts of the state, reaching the Eastern Shore in 2015. The emerald ash borer, or EAB, lays eggs in the bark of ash trees. When the larvae hatch, they bore into the trunk and feed on the sugar-rich sap within. This destroys the tree’s phloem, robbing it of its ability to transport water and nutrients between tissues and eventually killing it. The second invader, the hemlock woolly adelgid, or HWA, is a small aphid-like insect native to Japan. It arrived to the Eastern US in Virginia in the 1950s, reaching Maryland by the 1980s. These insects feed on Eastern and Carolina hemlocks, and can be easily identified by the white wooly sacs that protect the eggs. When the eggs hatch, their larvae crawl to the bases of the needles on the hemlock branches and feed on the sugars the tree produces via photosynthesis. This, combined with the toxins they sometimes inject in to the phloem, causes the needles to dry out and drop off the tree, leading to its death.

Both of these species have the potential to drastically alter the composition of Maryland’s forests by virtually eliminating ash and hemlock from the landscape. Aggressive infestations of both EAB and HWA can kill a target tree within four years, and studies have found that once established in a stand of ash or hemlock, tree mortality rates can reach 98 percent. This would be a major loss on several fronts. Ash trees are valued economically for their furniture-quality wood, culturally for their use in traditional Native American crafts and ceremonies, and ecologically as a source of food and protection for a variety of animal species as well as an important actor in preventing soil erosion along river banks. Similarly, hemlocks play a vital role in the riparian and cove habitats in which they are found, improving water quality by preventing soil runoff and providing shade to keep stream temperatures suitably low for species like brook trout. Additionally, both ash and hemlock are commonly used as ornamental trees in urban and suburban areas, meaning that this battle between tree and pest could be occurring in your backyard right now. Local tree loss will have regional effects too – dying ash and hemlock means more erosion and runoff into streams and rivers, which in turn means a more polluted and less healthy Chesapeake Bay.

So how can we turn the tide in this war? Bring in the reinforcements. As this year’s Chesapeake Conservation Corps member at The Nature Conservancy MD/DC chapter, I am working on a project to tilt the scales in favor of forests. The reason both EAB and HWA are such a grave threat to forest health is that neither have natural enemies in the area. Without predators to keep them in check, they have been free to run rampant. Therefore, classical biological control has been identified as the best long-term option for management. Classical biological control, or biocontrol, involves finding a natural predator that is specific to the target pest and effective in reducing its population. In EAB’s case, there are three parasitic wasp species that have been approved for release in the United States and have proven successful at establishing at release sites. For HWA, there are three beetle species, two from the Pacific Northwest and one from Japan, which have successfully been released and established in the region or are slated for release in the near future. My role in this effort is to write internal proposals for the release of these biocontrol agents on TNC lands, and then (pending approval) assess our preserves in the state to determine which would qualify as high-potential release sites. Ideally, I will be able to make some initial releases by the end of the summer, but that step may fall to my successor. Nevertheless, it is an exciting project that has the potential to help protect Maryland’s forests from degradation and protect the health of the Bay. The Nature Conservancy’s preserves encompass some of the most unique habitats in the state, and guarding them against invasion is good for both the rare species that dwell in those areas and for all of us who want to visit and enjoy them.

Nobody knows who will emerge the victor in this decades-old struggle between native trees and the invasive pests and pathogens seeking to destroy them. In an age of ever-increasing globalization, new invasives will continue to arrive at our shores, further weakening the integrity of our forests and requiring renewed searches for control options. Meanwhile, climate change will bring new stressors to bear, such as drought, wildfires, and storm damage. In order to save Maryland’s forests and the myriad services they contribute to our communities and the Chesapeake Bay watershed, we must all be aware of what is going on in our backyards and nearby woods, and support efforts to protect them. Only by working in tandem with state agencies, conservation groups, and local communities can we contain and control the invasives here now, and protect the health and intactness of our forests for years to come.

Andrew Ireland is a Chesapeake Conservation Corps member at The Nature Conservancy.

Why Arlington Echo Made Me Want to go Back to Summer Camp

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Why Arlington Echo Made Me Want to go Back to Summer Camp

For many adults, the start of summer means rolling down the windows during the drive to the office and looking out the window a little more longingly while we’re there. So when I was offered a chance to spend a Friday with the Chesapeake Conservation Corps at Arlington Echo, an Outdoor Education Center that sees every fourth grader in the county each year, for one of their “All Hands on Deck” events I accepted immediately. Expecting nothing more than a few hours in the sun and maybe a decent lunch, I was completely unprepared for the experience I received.

As I arrived, I caught glimpses of pavilions and picnic tables tucked behind trees, several inviting trails branched off of the main road, and a cloud of butterflies and bumblebees hovered over the flower gardens that surround every building and field. Having not been to an outdoor education center since I was about 12, I was afraid that I would no longer enjoy an entire day of environmental education geared towards a pre-teen age group. While I parked my car and walked towards my Corps group I couldn’t help feeling like I was walking into a new elementary school, worried that the other kids would make fun of my shoes. But my fears evaporated instantly under the infectious smile of Anna, our group’s camp guide, as she led us towards the low ropes course. Minutes later I was being passed through a gigantic spider web, lifted over a 12 foot wall to escape the “zombie apocalypse,” and testing the limits of my balancing skills on “Don’t rock the boat.”

Feeling much more comfortable with my new friends and our teamwork potential, we met up with the rest of the Corps members and Echo staff for lunch. Before we could eat however, we had to learn the rules of Wheel of Echo! , a game after lunch where a lucky 4th grader (usually) gets to show off their ecology chops by answering a random nature question. Despite my personal, grouchy aversion to cheesy audience participation, I soon found myself joining the rest of the dining hall in enthusiastically shouting “SPIN THAT SQUIRREL!” and straining to see what category it landed on. However, lunch wasn’t over until after the traditional weighing of any leftover food waste. Thankfully our group of career environmentalists was able to finish our veggies, earning us a coveted spot on the food waste wall of fame.

After a short digestion break, the Conservation Corps split into two groups and prepared for an afternoon hike/canoe through the Severn Run natural area. Not satisfied that we were soaking in all that Arlington Echo had to offer the staff challenged us to see which group could spot the most plant and animal species before we left later that day. So with our eyes and ears peeled looking for types of life we began paddling up the Severn Run. Focused mostly on not getting stuck in the shallows, and then of course on having to get ourselves un-stuck, we were only able to identify six different types of birds including a great blue heron, a kingfisher, and even a bald eagle. The real fun began once we met up with the other group and our mystical forest guide Sean.

Leading us through stands of chestnut oak and Virginia pine, pointing out lady slipper orchids and wild cherries, rainbow tie-dye socks poking out of the tops of his boots, Sean McGuinn could only be described as the cool counselor in every movie about summer camp. As he led down the trail leaking tidbits of information like “Jewelweed can help counteract poison ivy,” I was reminded of my childhood camp experiences just like when I was in 4th grade and looked up to older kids working at Arlington Echo and decided that’s what I want to be when I grow up.

It wasn’t until we had finished the hike and I sat under a red cedar rehydrating that I realized how much fun the entire Arlington Echo experience had been. Not only was the location right on the Severn River beautiful, you could tell the staff truly cared about their program and wanted every visitor to leave with a newfound passion for supporting local habitat. On top of Arlington Echo itself, I was blown away by the Chesapeake Conservation Corps members: their enthusiasm for environmental stewardship, and the incredible projects they are working on outside of this event. Somehow it made even my own healthy environmental passions and career goals feel shallow. The worst part of the day was driving away and realizing that I had to go to work on Monday and there are kids that are going to get to go there every day of the week this summer.

Will Cameron is an intern at Chesapeake Bay Trust and a senior at John Hopkins University.

Sustainably Cultivating Faraway Fields 

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By Kimberly Y. Choi

My discomfort at a Watershed Forum session about GIS applications was at once resolved when a professional sitting behind me said to the instructor, “Not all of us are scientists,” for indeed I wasn’t a scientist.

Throughout my later schooling I feared I was finally in the grasp of specialization, that I was closing off opportunities to involve myself formally in any disciplines other than my own. And now at the GIS session, which I attended out of curiosity, it felt inappropriate somehow to sit in an audience among scientists who might use the data we were discussing to position a real construction project in its proper location. It was relieving to find out there were others who were not scientists by training. My worries were dispelled that it should be indulgent of me to choose a workshop not directly related to my work. Instead it was permissible here, even encouraged, for me to expand my Chesapeake knowledge across fields, and treat it as a legitimate part of my work. After some years of introducing myself to others with my degree program, being told the disciplines are disparate modes of thought, and seeing scholarly papers criticize other disciplines for approaching a problem the wrong way, attending a variety of workshops at the Forum to entertain various informal interests seemed something of an act of defiance.

The Corps in fact has us regularly committing such acts. Volunteering and visiting outside our specific areas of work are considered almost as valuable as doing so within. Although we come from a wide range of educational backgrounds, we’re largely said to occupy the same field. Those disciplinary divisions that so clearly delineated ourselves as students are breaking down in the interest of a common issue. I can see how projects of conservation and sustainability lend well to that dissolution, as their very concern is the reconciliation of the built environment with the natural one, the human with the nonhuman, our membership in the ecosystem with our membership in the state. For me in particular, no longer is it sensible to think the concerns of humanity a domain disconnected from their tangible surroundings, if I am to work with the attitudes and social phenomena around tangible measures to protect the environment. I’d guess the scientists of the Corps confront a similar dissolution, between science and society and between the branches of science.

At events and site visits, it’s been pleasant spending time around Corps members with other bodies of knowledge, other ways of thinking. On a walk outdoors, I am not in the habit of identifying pieces of infrastructure and kinds of trees, but others are, and they point out to me those interesting bits of the environment we live and work in that I’m not accustomed to notice.

As we unite in looking after our locale, we find it’s good for us to cultivate academic fields both near and far, without pesticides, and with a rain garden in the corner.

Chesapeake Bay Trust Conservation Corps Leadership Training

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By Brandt Dirmeyer

On the 26th and 27th of October, 2016, as part of my year as a Chesapeake Conservation Corpsmember, I attended an Environmental Leadership Training retreat across the Potomac from Harper’s Ferry at the Blue Mountain Retreat with half of the other corpsmembers. We spent a little over 24 hours together with Tara Baker, the program officer of the CCC and Michael Gagné, the regional programs manager for the Environmental Leadership Program, learning what it takes to achieve our professional goals through introspective exercises that helped us better understand our strengths and weaknesses.

According to the Strengthsfinder test that all of us were required to complete before the training, my skillset focuses on the absorption, synthesis, and extrapolation of the details of the environment around me. My top five were input, connectedness, intellection, ideation, and learner. I took these attributes to mean that I am best when I am allowed to exist beyond myself, to think about the world at large as opposed to my comfort as an individual. From this, I was then able to see where my weakness lies. I have difficulty thinking about myself as an individual. When I look in the mirror, I don’t see my asymmetric eyes nor my full lips, but my original face. I am uncritical of my personal trajectory as I spend too much time critically thinking about the course of humanity and the ecological worlds we inhabit. My mind is not an arborescent hierarchy of feelings and facts, but, according to my former literary theory professor, a rhizomatic structure noding every which way. Luckily, many of the exercises Michael led us through focused us on ourselves and the goals we strive to achieve in this life we’ve been generously given.

The exercise that most stuck out to me was one where we were told to draw two trees, one with a problem in its trunk, and another with a corresponding solution. The roots of the problem and solution trees extend upward to the branches filled with the budding fruits of causality. For the problem tree, the roots were the causes of the problem and the branches were the products of the problem, and vice versa for the solution tree. While most of the corpsmembers thought about their paths towards graduate school or the careers they hoped to find, I ended up focusing on how to recreate nature’s sustainable infrastructure of clean water and localized agroecology across the world, as I have recently been reading Vandana Shiva’s most recent book, Who Really Feeds the World? Obviously, this is a daunting task that I could never accomplish on my own, nor did I have the time to write out every root and branch of the problem and the solution, but it helped me to envision a world beyond the desirous overconsumption of finite resources that plagues the current world to an ideal world where all forms of present biota can coexist and proliferate from the production of others.

For another exercise, we were instructed to make a chart of our five biggest wins, with “my big wins” in the center and each win branching outward from the center. I thought of four right away: Cognitive Autonomy, Career Foundation, Legal Freedom, and Physical Health. A number of these I can attribute to the privileged position that I was born into, but I also had to consciously act in order to make the most of my advantageous circumstances. This is why I empathize with the suffering of the world. Since I was born and raised in the third largest and most studied estuary in the world, it is easy to dismiss the fight for water rights in Bolivia, the conflict between nuclear powers Pakistan and India over the historically-contested Jammu and Kashmir, or the droughts and depleted aquifers that are catalyzing the crumbling of Arabia, North Africa, and the Mediterranean, and California as existing beyond personal scope.

Too bad everything is interconnected through complex cyclic processes. Clear right and wrong moral answers are hard to find in our multiplicitous world of necessary-yet-bounded natural resources. Nelson Mandela, the beloved leader of post-Apartheid South Africa, a man who experienced alienation, subjugation, oppression, and torture at the hands of ulterior interests, made a tough decision when he invaded the precipitous highlands of Lesotho to secure that water flows cheaply to the arid central region of the first country to assert water as a human right.

The fight for water rights in Bolivia during the Cochabamba Water War happened because an engineering firm in California bought rights to the country’s water for private use. Arabia, North Africa, the Western United States, and the Mediterranean are desertifying at rapid rates because of the changes in climate brought on by our own ignorance of our deep connections to the environments that sustain us. Countless empires from the Assyrians to the Romans, the Mayans and the Minoans collapsed from over-irrigation, monoculture farming, deprivation of the population’s nutrition, and the subsequent environmental changes that led to each catastrophic decline. While Lake Chad receded from natural climate variability, as the Sahara fluctuates between desert and grassland every 20,000 years or so, Lake Urmia in northwest Iran has decreased by about 80% in the past 40 years, with most of the change occurring between 2009-2015.

After thinking hard about my fifth biggest win as I wandered the grounds of the retreat, looking at the grasses under my feet, the trees towering above me, and the vultures circling high, I realized that my last big win wasn’t necessarily a personal win, but more something that I could never lose: the sun. For all the energy that I exert on the page and in the waking world, for all the energy that we exert as we do our personal best to make Earth a better place than how it was when we first came into its nurturing atmosphere, and for all the energy that we consume in the pursuit of something greater, we have the radiant star that we orbit to thank. The sun and the moon have been eternal witnesses to the changes in our original face.

To conclude this blog, I will share the first exercise that we did at the training. As we all sat in a large circle in an open room, Michael gave us three quotes from Rabbi Hillel and asked us to write about the thoughts that the quotes provoke within us. The first was, “If I am not for myself, who will be for me?” followed by, “If I am only for myself, what am I?” and lastly, “If not now, when?” In order to order my thoughts, I wrote in the manner that has historically been reserved for the contemplation of existence: poetry. Prose, at it currently stands with all of its punctuation, paragraphs and logical sequences, is a fairly recent development in human history, with the earliest popular English novel Robinson Crusoe, a travel narrative about a British man encountering the “savages” of Trinidad until he can be saved and sail back to civilization, written by Daniel Defoe in 1719. At the show-and-tell later that evening, I shared this poem that I wrote, titled If Not Now, When?


If Not Now, When?
If I am not for myself, who will be for me
If I am at a distance from my mental health
How will I see the organic beauty all around me
originating outside myself, my original face is free
to wander through dense forests filled with diverse trees
leading my mind on a journey, not only for myself
but through interactions in scene, we are at play
to combine our differences under illuminated sun rays
captured for their proliferating energy that sustains
the abundance of life left outside when it rains
yet some stay sheltered and never know the feeling
of allowing rain drops to permeate our skin, for healing
our minds, we must become aware of our present place
in the currents of time, we must share our sense of this space

A Positive Outlook on Environmental Change

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On Friday, April 1st, I attended the Annapolis Film Festival’s Environmental Showcase at St. Anne’s Parish House. The Festival, now in its fourth year, attracts visitors from near and far to Annapolis for four days and over 70 films. It was great getting to meet other people that were interested in the environment and the Chesapeake Bay. I was able to talk to Mary-Angela Hardwick from Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay about Project Clean Stream which is one of the biggest watershed cleanup events in the area.

The large hall was full of eager attendees, and once the lights were dimmed, the house quieted and the first film began. The first film shown was Ocean Stories: Greg Stone. It was a short, inspiring documentary about marine biologist Dr. Greg Stone’s many experiences from diving to see shipwrecks in the tropics to exploring the underwater world of icebergs in Antarctica. It gave a haunting picture of what our oceans looked like just a few decades ago and how fragile they’ve become in recent years. The film also talked about several ways we can help stop the pollution and help restore these large marine ecosystems. Creating large marine protected areas is one way that Dr. Stone says will help protect our oceans. He believes that if we remove human interference and over-fishing that these endangered ecosystems will heal themselves.

The second film was The Last Bay Scallop?. Also a documentary, it centered on the last commercial Bay Scallop fishery, located in Nantucket, MA. The film focused on what is being and can still be done to solve the problem of the declining state of the fishery. Eel grass is extremely important to the Bay Scallop life cycle. To preserve the eel grass, the weights on the dredges can be removed so that the eel grass isn’t uprooted and killed. Nantucket also has a shellfish hatchery where Bay Scallop larvae are bred and then released by the millions into the water. The featured documentary in the showcase was called Climate Change: A Few Degrees Less. This film focused on the goal of keeping global temperatures from rising above 2 degrees Celsius before 2050.

My favorite film was The Last Bay Scallop? because it focused on a local issue. The issue seemed to be similar to problems in the Chesapeake Bay region. The community on Nantucket struck me as well. They’re dependent on the fishery just as much as the fishery is dependent on them. If the fishery is to be saved, it needs people to care for it and help restore it to what it once was, and the community on Nantucket has banded together to fight for their culture and way of life. The fact that so many people are working hard to save this ecosystem is admirable and the rest of the country can learn a lot from the people on Nantucket. I also liked the documentary because it wasn’t filled with doom like a lot of other environmental documentaries. Instead, it was able to express that people have a direct impact on the problem and on the solution, while keeping a positive tone. The film focused on the fact that we don’t have to completely change our lifestyles to make a difference. It did an excellent job of emphasizing that small changes, such as not using fertilizer on your yard, can make a big difference to the ecosystem.

I found the showcase to be refreshing. All the films had a positive tone and urged that change is possible, while making it seem less difficult than we may have imagined. I left the showcase feeling good about the chances we have to correct the damage that has been done to the marine and world ecosystems. ”People make the difference” was the message I took from all three films. We cannot just sit by and hope that things will improve. We have to take action to save the world we live in for future generations.

Marie Paterson is an intern at the Chesapeake Bay Trust in the Development and Communications Department and a junior at UMBC majoring in Psychology and Media and Communications.

Chesapeake Bay Trust’s Annual Benefit Raises $93,000 for the Bay

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On Friday, May 20th, over 450 Bay lovers gathered for the Treasure the Chesapeake Celebration at the Annapolis Waterfront Hotel. Despite the very rainy month, the rain held off for the event and it was a beautiful evening by the Bay! Kelly Swartout, the Trust’s new Director of Development, was amazed by the support the Trust received: “We had a wonderful turnout for the celebration. Mother Nature was certainly on our side and brought us a beautiful day! It was great to see everyone enjoying themselves and supporting the Bay.”

For the past 18 years, the goal of the Treasure the Chesapeake Celebration is to raise money for Chesapeake Bay Trust’s restoration, outreach, and environmental education efforts, and this year’s benefit grossed $93,000! The money raised will go directly to Chesapeake Bay Trust’s grant programs.

This year, the event was also an opportunity to thank the many Bay plate owners in Maryland. The Trust receives the revenue from the Bay plate and uses the money to fund grant projects. If you don’t have a Bay plate, it only takes a few minutes to make a difference in the health of the Bay. “Buying a Bay plate is a great way to help support Bay restoration and outreach. For just $20, you can get a Treasure the Chesapeake license plate and know that Chesapeake Bay Trust will be a responsible steward of your donation. 92 cents of every dollar goes right back to the grant programs that the Trust oversees,” explains Jana Davis, Executive Director of the Trust. Click here to buy yours online today and it will get sent right to your home!

The Chesapeake Bay Trust’s mission is to promote public awareness and public participation in the protection and restoration of the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers and streams. The Trust is a non-profit organization that receives funding from individual and corporate donors, the Maryland tax check off program, and the Bay plate.

To learn more about the Trust’s grant programs, click here.

Five Activities to do in Time for Easter

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These 5 crafts are all about getting into the swing of spring! If you’re into crafting and repurposing things, I’m sure you’ll enjoy one of these creative projects.

Toilet Paper Roll Chicks
Reuse your toilet paper rolls for this fun art project.

You will need:

  • Toilet paper rolls
  • Googly eyes
  • Tacky glue
  • Yellow tissue paper (or old strips of fabric) Yellow paint
  • Thin strips of brown paper
  • Orange construction paper cut in small triangles


1. Paint the cardboard rolls yellow
2. Wait for the paint to dry and glue on the eyes and beak (the small orange triangle)
3. Crumble the yellow tissue paper or fabric and glue it on to look like little wings
4. If you want to make your brand new baby chick a nest you can tangle brown strips of paper. Voila! You have baby chick made from recycled materials!

3 Ingredient Peeps

These easy and delicious treats are a great way to hop into spring! Make eggs, or bunnies, or chicks with your marshmallows and then enjoy the sugary goodness.

You will need:

  • 2 ½ Teaspoons of unflavored gelatin
  • 1/3 cup cold water for gelatin, and 1/4 cup for syrup
  • 1 cup colored sugar (for decorating)
  • 1 cup granulated sugar


1. Put 1/3 cup of cool water into a mixer bowl and sprinkle gelatin on top. Let sit.
2. Combine ¼ cup of water and 1 cup of sugar in a pan over medium high heat stirring regularly.
3. Continue to stir until the water and sugar mixture reaches 238 degrees Fahrenheit.
4. Once the syrup has reached the right temperature, stir it for a few minutes to let it cool.
5. Pour the syrup into your gelatin mix and beat on medium high until stiff (8-15 minutes of beating).
6. Put the marshmallow into a large Ziploc bag with one of the corners cut off and use it to squeeze the marshmallow out into shapes.
7. Cover the marshmallow shapes with your colored sugar
8. If you want to add extra decoration, melt some chocolate chips and use a toothpick to draw chocolaty designs on your peeps.

Vegetable Dyed Easter Eggs

There’s nothing better than finding new uses for what’s in your fridge. This Easter, try using vegetables and fruits to dye your eggs!

You will need:

  • 12 white or brown hard-boiled eggs
  • 1T white vinegar per cup of strained dye liquid
  • Neutral oil, such as vegetable or grapeseed


1. Boil the water before adding vegetables (using the ratios below) and then let vegetables and water simmer for 15-30 minutes
2. Let the dye cool then pour it through fine strainer into another saucepan and stir in 1T of vinegar per cup of strained dye.
3. Immerse your eggs and place the eggs in the dye in the refrigerator until they turn the desired color.
4. Dry eggs and rub a little oil on them with a paper towel before placing back in the fridge until it’s time to eat them.

4 cups dye liquid made from any of the following:
1 cup chopped purple cabbage per cup of water — makes blue on white eggs, green on brown eggs
1 cup red onion skins per cup of water — makes lavender or red eggs
1 cup yellow onion skins per cup of water— makes orange on white eggs, rusty red on brown eggs
1 cup shredded beets per cup of water— makes pink on white eggs, maroon on brown eggs
2 tablespoons ground turmeric per cup of water — makes yellow eggs
1 bag Red Zinger tea per cup of water— makes lavender eggs

Turn a Colander into a hanging plant holder

There’s no better way to brighten up a room than with flowers and bright colors!

To do this I suggest you find a decorative colorful colander. If you don’t have one lying around, try local thrift or antique shops.


1. Wrap the colander handles with a half a yard of twine each (push it together to avoid gaps)
2. Glue down the end pieces of the twine to keep it from unraveling
3. Knot one yard of twine around each side of both handles (you should be using four yards of twine to do this)
4. Line the inside of the colander with sheet moss
5. Fill with potting soil and your chosen plants (pansies look nice especially when accompanied by something leafy like ferns)
5. Finally tie your four lengths of twine together and hang your new masterpiece!

Recycled Fabric Flowers
A fun craft that doubles as great decoration is a win-win.

You will need:

  • Tulle, old shirts, old curtains, or fabric scraps
  • Sticks
  • Cord or twine
  • Glue gun
  • Scissors

1. Cut the tulle/shirts/curtains into strips and fold them in half. The width of your strips decides the size of your flower (wider strips = bigger flower)
2. Put a line of glue on one end of your stick and stick one end of your folded fabric to it. Make sure the folded side is at the top.
3. Wrap the tulle around the stick scrunching it and gluing it however you want before gluing the end down.
4. Take a bit of the cord or twine and wrap it around the base of your flower, where the tulle meets the stick several times and glue it down.
5. Let dry, put them in a vase, and admire!

Marie Paterson is an intern at the Chesapeake Bay Trust in the Development and Communications Department and a junior at UMBC majoring in Psychology and Media and Communications.

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